WASHINGTON — As part of his continued push to strengthen and improve Buy American laws and support U.S. manufacturing, U.S. Senator Chris Murphy (D-Conn.), Ranking Member of the U.S. Senate Appropriations Legislative Branch Subcommittee, called on the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) to investigate U.S. government compliance with laws and regulations – such as the Buy American Act and the Berry Amendment – that require U.S. agencies to prioritize the purchase of American-made goods over the purchase of foreign-made goods. In a letter addressed to Comptroller General of the United States Gene L. Dodaro, Murphy emphasized that violations of Buy American laws are damaging to the growth and sustainability of America’s defense industrial base – including shipbuilders and aerospace manufacturers across Connecticut who rely on government contracts.
“I am concerned about the continuing erosion of America’s manufacturing base,” wrote Murphy. “I believe that weak enforcement of our domestic government procurement laws, coupled with statutory flexibility built into those laws, contribute to this decline, and will impede future growth. As a result of a series of Department of Defense Inspector General reports that showed high rates of non-compliance with the Buy American Act and Berry Amendment in military purchasing, I am concerned that these laws are not being properly implemented.”
Murphy continued, “I believe we would benefit from having current information on the extent to which existing mechanisms to enhance the health of U.S. manufacturers have been effectively implemented, and what Congress can do to fully achieve the goals of these existing domestic purchasing statutes.”
Murphy has consistently called for the U.S. government to improve compliance with Buy American laws. Last year, in response to distressing reports revealing that the Department of Defense (DoD) contracting personnel did not consistently comply with the Berry Amendment or the Buy American Act, Murphy called for the swift re-training of personnel to improve compliance. The previous year, DoD Inspector General released a similar report revealing that 40% of U.S. Navy contracts reviewed also violated either the Buy American Act or the Berry Amendment.
The full text of the letter is available online and below:
The Honorable Gene L. Dodaro
Comptroller General of the United States
441 G St., NW
Washington, DC 20548
Dear Mr. Dodaro:
As I conveyed to you in our recent meeting, I am concerned about the continuing erosion of America’s manufacturing base. The defense industrial base in particular is vital, but has contracted over the last several decades due to a variety of macroeconomic factors. In addition to these systemic factors, I believe that weak enforcement of our domestic government procurement laws, coupled with statutory flexibility built into those laws, contribute to this decline, and will impede future growth.
Efforts to understand and address these issues in the manufacturing sector will likely be at the top of the congressional agenda in the coming months. I believe we would benefit from having current information on the extent to which existing mechanisms to enhance the health of U.S. manufacturers have been effectively implemented, and what Congress can do to fully achieve the goals of these existing domestic purchasing statutes.
Specifically, I am interested in the implementation of statutes that require the procurement and use of domestically produced manufactured goods. As a result of a series of Department of Defense Inspector General reports that showed high rates of non-compliance with the Buy American Act and Berry Amendment in military purchasing, I am concerned that these laws are not being properly implemented. The applicability of the Buy American Act is already quite limited due to the Trade Agreements Act of 1979, so any additional non-compliance only further erodes the efficacy of the statute.
In addition to these two statutes, I also write to you with concern over another group of statutes applicable to the Department of Transportation and the Environmental Protection Agency. This collection of policies is commonly referred to as the “Buy America Act”, and generally requires that steel, iron, and manufactured products used in infrastructure projects be manufactured in the United States. As Congress shifts its focus to infrastructure improvements, these statutes will be critical in realizing the policy goals associated with increased infrastructure investment.
Aside from these three major statutory requirements, there are perhaps dozens of smaller, targeted requirements for agencies to give preference to American manufacturers. One of these more-specific polices is 49 U.S.C. §24305, which requires Amtrak to buy American-made items that cost over $1 million. Another is 15 U.S. Code § 631 and § 661 which requires the Small Business Administration to give preference to small businesses which use or purchase equipment and supplies produced in the United States, and to encourage small businesses receiving assistance to purchase such equipment and supplies.
I would appreciate a review by the Government Accountability Office of these statutes and related annual appropriations guidelines that require agencies to support American manufacturers. I ask that you address the following questions in your review:
- What policies and procedures do the top spending agencies have in place to ensure compliance with applicable domestic purchasing laws and regulations? How do these policies and procedures apply with regard to large manufactured products that contain many separately manufactured components?
- What type of training do contracting personnel at these agencies receive related to domestic purchasing requirements?
- To what extent do the agencies have internal controls to ensure that these requirements been effectively implemented?
Thank you for your attention to this matter. We look forward to the results of your work and any potential recommendations you may have. Please work with Melissa Zimmerman of the committee’s staff, or Mark Ritacco in my office on the timeframes and other issues related to your review.
Senator Chris Murphy
Ranking Member, Legislative Branch Subcommittee